Case management is a collaborative process used to assess, plan, implement, coordinate, monitor, and evaluate options and services to meet individuals’ health care and other needs through communication and available resources to promote the well-being of individual clients. outcomes.
The Case Management Process
The case management process involves the following steps:
- Assessment: A case manager must first assess a client’s needs by collecting detailed data from the client when they are enrolled in any program. The data will include background information, current conditions, future goals, and any current assistance clients may have.
- Planning: Based on the information gathered, case workers will design goal-oriented plans and time-bound to ensure clients get the services they need to help them achieve their desired targets, be they better health, access to stable housing, or successful reentry into the community after incarceration.
- Implementation: The manager will then take steps the put the case plans into action. This can involve direct service provision, referrals to outside providers, tracking service delivery, and client engagement.
- Coordination: Case managers will ensure all stakeholders are on the same page. These include clients, service delivery organizations, donors, and sometimes clients’ families. All parties should be aware of the case plans and expected outcomes so they can extend support in whatever form is expected. Coordination is also vital so that stakeholders agree on the goals and objectives of the client.
- Evaluation: Managers must periodically review the progress of case plans to adjust goals and services as per client needs and the pace of their progress.
Need for Case Managers in the Post-COVID World
Become a Certified Case Manager
What is case management?
Case Manager Job Responsibilities
Case managers act as care coordinators and managers. They evaluate clients’ needs (individuals, families, children, etc.), identify the services needed, and create a plan to provide that care. Case managers may also be responsible for evaluating the effectiveness of the care plan and services.
A case manager accomplishes clients’ care by:
- assessing treatment needs
- developing, monitoring, and evaluating treatment plans and progress;
- facilitating interdisciplinary approaches;
- Admits new clients by reviewing records and applications
For example, a case manager in the healthcare sector will do the following:
- Manage a portfolio of cases.
- Meet with clients regularly.
- Establish and maintain effective relationships with key stakeholders.
- Proactively manage providers.
- Work under relevant legislation, health care best practices, and internal policy and procedure.
- Maintain accurate, up-to-date case information.
- Help manage patient health care needs and services in long-term care, mental health, substance abuse, and senior care.
- Work with clients to create a treatment plan.
- Work with each service provider on a discharge plan.
Case Managers play an essential role in the healthcare and community service sectors. A Case Manager works with people with health issues, mental illnesses, disabilities, or other social problems. Case management aims to improve the client’s quality of life, often by assisting them in achieving self-independence.
Case management requires professional skills and a variety of soft skills to perform tasks and serve the client in the best way possible.
What skills are essential for case Managers?
Taking on a role as a case manager requires being highly responsible. Not only is a case manager responsible for the client’s medication, therapy, and rehabilitation, but they sometimes also have to take charge of financial management, community involvement, and education of the client. Though the case manager might not have to carry out such tasks themselves, they are responsible for managing and organizing everything to ensure such aspects of the job are taken care of.
Case managers employ organizational skills to manage all aspects of a client’s case, such as tracking activity, updating records, and monitoring outcomes. They contain files and documents, adhere to record-keeping standards, and maintain confidentiality. As the tasks and responsibilities are many and diverse, being well organized is critical for case managers to deliver on time, ensure no errors are made, and often manage several clients simultaneously.
Case managers will rely heavily on their communication skills when dealing with rehabilitation, medication, and therapy plans. If their message is misconstrued, it can have serious consequences, so they must always ensure that team members and clients understand them clearly.
A case manager should be able to delegate effectively so that all the tasks and duties they are responsible for are carried out successfully and on time. Case managers must stay aware if the quantity of jobs becomes overwhelming and should delegate tasks to the appropriate team members. Always remember quality over quantity.
- Time Management Skills
Case managers must possess good time management skills to multitask, manage schedules and appointments, and meet deadlines. They must always keep contact lists, reference materials, and resource information easily accessible. Turning to appointments in plenty of time, ensuring care plans have suitable time frames, and allowing time for admin work all rely on this crucial skill.
As a case manager, one needs to be open to learning new models and ways of working, as well as an understanding of people. Recognizing that everyone has a unique journey is critical to success in this job. In this line of work, practitioners often realize that there is no ‘one size fits all,’ and one must take the time to understand each client.
- Conflict Resolution Skills
Sometimes a case manager is required to act as a mediator for their client. It could be due to the client’s inappropriate behavior or their belief that their needs are not met. The case manager will be responsible for resolving conflict and assisting everyone in reaching a satisfactory and workable solution. This could entail arranging a meeting between the various parties, gathering all the facts, and developing a viable solution.
- Computer and Technology Skills
In current times, case managers must be computer literate and capable of managing computer files, using databases, creating spreadsheets, and preparing presentations. They must also have typing skills and know how to operate office equipment and software tools.
Being approachable is crucial in the social service sector. When working with new clients, they may be vulnerable, anxious, frustrated, or scared. When dealing with vulnerable individuals, their reactions are unpredictable, so case managers must approach all situations in a friendly and respectful manner so that clients feel at ease working with them.
Advocacy is the act of representing the client’s interests. Advocacy is fundamental to what a Case Manager does and is a valuable skill. Advocacy usually requires arranging services for the client and ensuring their needs are met. One has to ensure that their clients have access to services or treatments they require, that they’re being treated fairly, and that their legal rights are being met.
Case management is a lucrative and rewarding profession whether you want to start a new career or advance in your current job. It is gaining significant attention due to its high demand and good salary. If you have the skills discussed here or can learn them through practice or training, you may be fit to be a social services case manager.